Bunions are a type of foot problem. They tend to appear as a bony bump at the side of the big toe joint. This bony bump structures around the joint are called the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. Bunions are referred to as Hallux Abducto Valgus in the medical terminology. Its formation takes place gradually over time and in due course turns into something more prominent.
Bunions are a very common condition, and many people are afflicted by it. A study shows that women are more likely to experience the pain and abnormalities associated with bunions more often than men.
However, this bump can be painless, but with time they crowd the toes together, which can be painful and also give rise to disability or difficulty in walking.
Causes of Bunions:
The precise cause of bunions is unknown, but some factors may contribute to the formation of bunions.
Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis that causes the inflammation of joints can also lead to bunions. Any neuromuscular infirmity like polio can also be a cause of Bunions.
People who have professions that require standing a lot are also susceptible to bunions. Any other foot injury can also give rise to this disorder. Feet stress is also a recurring cause; for example, ballet dancers, whose feet suffer severe stress in regular intervals are more prone to developing bunions.
Women are more likely to develop bunions during pregnancy due to hormonal changes that can loosen the ligaments and also flatten the feet.
Malformation of bones at birth or hereditary factors may also lead to bunions.
Another factor that contributes to the formation of Bunions is footwear. A tight-fitting or extremely narrow shoe can make your toes crammed together. This can give rise to the faulty disposition of the joints, overtime such a disposition can cause a permanent change in the structure of the joint, making the big toe move towards the outside and giving rise to bunions.
Bunions can also develop in kids as well as adolescents; it is not just restricted to elder people. Bunions can get worse over time.
Symptoms of Bunions:
At inception, bunions form as a small bump but eventually overgrow and become more severe.
One of the most prominent symptoms of a bunion is the bumpy bone that forms at the side of the big toe. Apart from that, there are a few other symptoms.
- Redness or inflammation on the toes
- Formation of calluses or corn on the bump
- Skin hardening at the base of the big toe
- Stiffness can give rise to restriction in motion, making you unable to move
- A burning sensation or extreme pain
There are three stages of Bunions ranging from mild to moderate to severe. The pain may occur at any stage, but the more severe the bunions, the more difficult it gets to find the right footwear. It can also result in extreme pain as the lump gets bigger and cause difficulty in walking.
How can you prevent bunions?
Since it develops over time, it is necessary to take care of your feet to prevent the risk of bunions.
You may prevent bunions from developing by taking several reasonable measures that can help in recuperating foot mechanics. Bunions don’t require any complex surgery unless there’s a problem of malformation that cannot be cured or if the pain becomes extreme regardless of the treatment. It is always recommended to see a doctor if things get worse. There are a few points to keep in mind:
Try wearing comfortable shoes. It is essential to find shoes that perfectly fit and are comfortable. One of the most common causes of bunions is shoes that are either too fit or too narrow. Avoid wearing high heels for an extended period. Try wearing shoes that are not too tight and have padded bottoms.
Lastly, take care of your feet, the stronger and healthier your feet are, the less susceptible they are to bunions or any other foot problems. You can exercise daily to make your feet stronger. Remember, just like any other part of your body, your feet need proper care and attention as well. Bunions can also result in disability, especially in older people, so it is important to take care of your feet.